Mumbai (formerly called Bombay) is a densely populated city on India’s west coast. A financial center, it's India's largest city. On the Mumbai Harbour waterfront stands the iconic Gateway of India stone arch, built by the British Raj in 1924. Offshore, nearby Elephanta Island holds ancient cave temples dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. The city's also famous as the heart of the Bollywood film industry.
Thanjavur's mosque, history and architecture are world-famous. It is the position of history dominated by Chola, Nayk, Marathas and was before Independence under British control. In the great monuments like Grand Anicut, Major Temple and Sarofoji Mahal, Palace and Saraswathi Mahal Library, etc., the pursuits of these rulers are expressed in the district.
The Khajuraho Group of Monuments is a group of Hindu temples and Jain temples in Chhatarpur district, Madhya Pradesh, India, about 175 kilometres southeast of Jhansi. They are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The temples are famous for their nagara-style architectural symbolism and their erotic sculptures. Most Khajuraho temples were built between 950 AD and 1050 AD by the Chandela dynasty. Historical records note that the Khajuraho temple site had 85 temples by the 12th century, spread over 20 square kilometers.
Hero stones were erected for those who lost their lives in pursuit of adventure. There was a tradition of erecting memorial stones for people who sacrifice their lives for the sake of their kings since the ‘Sangam Age’. These memorial stones were called ‘Navagandam’. Plenty of memorial stones available in this district speak volumes about the valour and virtues of the people. Part of Salem, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, and Mysore was together named as “Thagadur Nadu” in Sangam Age. “Adhiayaman”, the noble king offered ‘Karunelli’ (Goose Berry) to the great poetess “Avvaiyar” who adorned his court for her long life. Krishnagiri was once ruled by Adhiyaman and hence also known as ‘Adhiayaman Nadu’.
Pune is a sprawling city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. It was once the base of the Peshwas (prime ministers) of the Maratha Empire, which lasted from 1674 to 1818. It's known for the grand Aga Khan Palace, built in 1892 and now a memorial to Mahatma Gandhi, whose ashes are preserved in the garden. The 8th-century Pataleshwar Cave Temple is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva.