Singapore is a city-state at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, some 85 miles (137 kilometres) north of the Equator. The Johor Strait, a narrow channel crossed by a more than half a mile long road and railway causeway, is separated by the main island from Peninsular Malaysia to the north.
Singapore is the largest port in Southeast Asia and one of the world's busiest. It owes its growth and stability to its focal position on the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, dominated by the Strait of Malacca, which connects the Indian Ocean with the South China Sea. In 1963, Singapore, once a British colony and now a member of the Commonwealth, first joined the Federation of Malaysia, then seceded to become an independent state on August 9, 1965.
Singapore is located in Southeast Asia 's equatorial monsoon zone, and its climate is characterized by predictably high temperatures and almost constant year-round precipitation. The average monthly temperature in June ranges from approximately 81 ° F (27 ° C) to 77 ° F (25 ° C) in January. The regular range is much higher, averaging approximately 7 ° C (13 ° F). The maritime position of Singapore and constant humidity, however, keep the maximum temperatures relatively moderate: only 97 ° F (36 ° C) was the highest temperature ever recorded.
The seasons are characterized by the relative occurrence of precipitation, which, in turn, is determined by the air mass movements of the monsoon. During the northeast monsoon (November – March), with rainfall reaching an average monthly high of more than 10 inches (250 millimetres) in December, the wettest and windiest time is. Conversely, during the southwest monsoon (May-September), with rainfall falling to a monthly low of less than 7 inches in July, the time with the least amount of rainfall and the lightest winds is.
The inter monsoon cycles of April and October are marked by slow air movements and heavy afternoon showers and thunderstorms. All in all, the rainfall in Singapore averages about 95 inches annually, and every day of the year, rain falls somewhere on the island. About two thirds of the main island sits less than 15 metres (50 feet ) above sea level. The highest mountain, Timah Hill, has an elevation of just 531 feet (162 metres); it forms a block of rough terrain in the centre of the island with other peaks, such as the Panjang and Mandai hills. Lower scarps with pronounced northwest-southeast patterns, such as Mount Faber, are to the west and south.
Malay culture and traditions in Singapore
A low plateau carved by erosion into an complex pattern of hills and valleys is the eastern part of the island. These physical units represent their geological foundations: from granite rocks, the central hills are formed, the scarp lands from highly folded and defective sedimentary rocks, and from uncompacted sands and gravels, the eastern plateau.
But for a few thousand acres of evergreen rain forest maintained across catchment areas, nothing remains of the original vegetation or animal life. In the Kranji region on the northwestern side of the island, some mangrove vegetation survives, but tracts of scrub or cogon grass (locally called lalang) are widespread elsewhere. For ornamental use, many exotic plants have been added. The long-tailed macaque (an Asian monkey species), the slow loris (a large-eyed nocturnal tailless lemur), and the scaly anteater are the largest native animals. There are numerous birds, especially those such as the Indian mynah bird, the brahmin kite (a reddish brown plumage kite with a white head and breast) and the house swallow that have adapted to a symbiotic human relationship.
Reptiles are common as well, such as cobras and lizards. Around several parts of the coast, fringing coral reefs with their associated fish and wildlife occur.
Only a short distance from downtown Singapore, Sentosa is a man-made island, home to a fantastic range of fun attractions. There are many tropical beaches with soft powdery sand, a relaxing cable car trip, an exciting luge trip, and SEA Aquarium, one of the largest aquariums in the world and home to over 800 species of sea creatures, among the many things to see and do here.
Universal Studios is a world-renowned amusement park and the dream of a movie lover has literally come true. Ride the roller coasters, meet your favourite characters from the movie, and dine in restaurants that are super entertaining. At Universal Studios Singapore, all this is waiting for you: talking donkeys, death-defying stunts, interesting shows and the most lively, fun spot.
Explore the colourful and spectacular past of the city-state and experience its diverse and vibrant everyday life on this Singapore City Tour. The sights include the famous Botanical Gardens and the majestic Sri Mariamman Temple, the oldest Hindu Temple in Singapore.You'll also get to see the famous Merloin statue, the town's emblem, the family-friendly museum, and the spectacular Marina Bay Sands viewpoint.
Several of the most popular attractions in Singapore, including Gardens by the Bay, Marina Bay Sands and Clarke Quay, are on this cruise around Marina Bay. This is one of the best ways to see the combination of old and modern worlds in Singapore from a specific viewpoint.
Things to do in Singapore
The celebrated and humane Night Safari in Singapore is home to more than 1,200 animals, most of which are nocturnal, giving you the chance to observe them in a natural environment. With the Seletar Reservoir offering a stunning backdrop, you will be able to see over 110 tropical species in the safari 's 40 hectares of secondary jungle. This is a fantastic family activity with strict safety precautions and makes for wonderful holiday memories.
See and do more with the See Singapore Attractions Move while in Singapore. The pass lasts five days and provides many advantages and allows you access to participating attractions, including the Singapore Flyer, Singapore Zoo, Night Safari, Underwater World Singapore, The Original Singapore Walks ®, Singapore River Cruises and many more, mixing value and comfort.
Evenings are when, with mesmeric colours and street-life, many parts of downtown Singapore come to life. With this 3.5-hour night tour, retrace the historic route beginning at the Raffles Landing site at the mouth of the Singapore River, then climb aboard a traditional bumboat to Clarke Quay for a picturesque trip up the river. Visit the original seafarers' settlement on the island at Bugis Village, before arriving at the Raffles Hotel for an encounter with one of the majestic landmarks of colonial Singapore.
Take a side walk at the Singapore Zoo, where you'll find more than 2,500 animals from all over the world living in basically identical environments to their own, from the African Savannah to the frozen Siberian tundra. A definite highlight is the "Animal Display Time" with specially trained sea lions and snakes at this wonderful zoo.
At any time of day or night, Chinatown is an intriguing district of Singapore with historical beauty and incredible street food. This tour takes you on a walking tour of this busy area, stopping at local restaurants and street food stalls, generations of old tea shops and traditional shops.
Jurong Bird Park, in Jurong, Singapore, is an aviary and tourist attraction. On the western slope of Jurong Hill, the highest point in the Jurong district, the bird park, operated by Wildlife Reserves Singapore, covers an area of 0.2 square kilometres (49 acres). It's one of the Singapore Zoo, Night Safari and River Safari parks operated by Wildlife Reserves Singapore. Some of the largest current birds, including numerous species of crane, and large flightless birds such as ostriches, emus, rheas and cassowaries, are housed in the Dinosaur Descendants section.
- Welcome to Singapore! You will be welcomed on arrival at Singapore Changi Airport and transferred to your hotel.
- After a wholesome breakfast at the hotel in Singapore, get ready for a half-day city tour.
- All major attractions, such as Merlion Park, Fountain of Riches, Chinatown, Little India, City Hall and Parliament House, will be included in your half-day Singapore trip.
- Shop for souvenirs at the street market in Chinatown and try Little India's distinctly Singaporean Roti Prata.
- After a fun-filled day, come back to the hotel for an overnight stay.
- On Second day,Enjoy a sumptuous breakfast at the hotel and then proceed towards Sentosa Island by cable car.
- To Visit Sentosa Island, where clean beaches, casinos and beautiful parks are located.
- You're going to go on a fun-filled cable car ride and see iconic locations like Madame Tussauds and Wings of Time.
- Return to your hotel for an overnight stay after a fun-filled day.
- On Third day,Enjoy a lavish breakfast, later pack your bags and complete all the check-out formalities.
- Then proceed towards Jurong Bird Park.Located on Jurong Hill in Singapore, Jurong Bird Park is the largest bird park in Asia, hosting over 5,000 birds from about 400 different species.
- The Kings of the Skies Show and the High Flyers Show are very popular among children, although many animal welfare organisations have discouraged them.
- A bird-themed waterpark called Birdz of Play also houses the spectacular Jurong Bird Park.
- After Lunch at Indian Restaurant.
- Then proceed towards Shopping for famous Malls.
- Then transferred to the airport, where you will depart for your destination with bags full of souvenirs and happy memories.